The Complete Guide to Breastfeeding for New Moms

The Complete Guide to Breastfeeding for New Moms

Bringing a new life into the world is an incredible journey, and breastfeeding plays a pivotal role in nourishing and nurturing your baby. As a new mom, you might have questions, concerns, and a desire to provide the best care for your little one. We’ll cover everything you need to know about breastfeeding – from the benefits and techniques to common challenges and tips for success.

Benefits of Breastfeeding:

Breastfeeding is more than just providing nutrition; it’s a unique bond between you and your baby. Here are some of the remarkable benefits:

  1. Nutritional Superiority: Breast milk is custom-made for your baby, adapting to their changing nutritional needs and boosting their immune system with antibodies.
  2. Bonding: Skin-to-skin contact during breastfeeding enhances emotional bonding between you and your baby.
  3. Health Benefits: Breastfeeding lowers the risk of various health issues for both you and your baby, including infections, allergies, and chronic diseases.
  4. Convenience: Breast milk is always available, at the perfect temperature, and requires no preparation or sterilization.

Getting Started:

  1. Latch Technique: Ensuring a proper latch is crucial for effective breastfeeding. Hold your baby close, and wait for a wide open mouth, bring your breast to their mouth and ensure their mouth covers most of the areola (not just the nipple), and let them close their mouth on their own and start sucking. Skin-to-skin contact and rubbing your nipple across their mouth can help them want to open it up to breastfeed.
  2. Feeding Positions: Experiment with various feeding positions – cradle, cross-cradle, football, and reclined – to find the most comfortable one for both you and your baby. A nursing pillow can be very helpful with positioning.
  3. Frequency and Duration: It is typically best to nurse your newborn at least every 3 hours during the day, even if that means waking them. Rooting, bringing the hands to the mouth, and crying are common hunger signs. Offer the breast whenever your baby seems hungry. You can switch sides while breastfeeding if you notice the baby’s swallowing slow, the baby becoming frustrated or unlatching, or the baby falling asleep. If you have an oversupply, you may want to switch breasts after a certain amount of time nursing. I had a slight oversupply and preferred to switch sides after 10 minutes of nursing so that I got engorgement relief from both breasts and didn’t have to pump. Alternate which breasts you start with. It is common for babies to want to cluster feed in the evenings.

Common Challenges and Solutions:

  1. Nipple Soreness: If you experience sore nipples, ensure a proper latch and use lanolin cream or coconut oil to soothe them. If pain persists, seek guidance from a lactation consultant.
  2. Engorgement: Engorgement is common as your milk supply adjusts. Nurse frequently, apply warm compresses, and hand express just enough to relieve the pressure. Be careful with pumping as this can make the problem continue.
  3. Low Milk Supply: Stay hydrated, eat a balanced diet, and nurse frequently to boost your supply. Skin-to-skin contact and pumping after feedings can also help.
  4. Mastitis: Watch for signs of mastitis, such as fever and redness. Nurse often, apply warm compresses, and seek medical attention if symptoms worsen.

Maintaining Your Milk Supply:

  1. Hydration and Nutrition: Drink plenty of water and consume a well-rounded diet to support milk production.
  2. Pumping: After a couple of weeks, you can introduce pumping to stimulate milk supply and build a freezer stash for times when you’re away from your baby. I’d recommend pumping right after your morning feed to get the most milk without disturbing your baby’s feeding needs. If you are ever away from baby and miss a feeding, pump. If you skip feedings, your supply can dip.
  3. Avoiding Stress: High-stress levels can impact milk production. Practice relaxation techniques, engage in self-care, and seek support from loved ones.

Breastfeeding in Public:

  1. Confidence: Wear comfortable, breastfeeding-friendly clothing and use a nursing cover or blanket if you prefer privacy. Remember, you have the legal right to breastfeed in public.
  2. Planning: Choose breastfeeding-friendly venues and practice nursing in front of a mirror at home to build your confidence.


When you decide it’s time to transition from breastfeeding, do it gradually. Introduce solid foods and let longer time periods pass between breastfeeding sessions. Soon you will be breastfeeding only a couple of times a day. Drop each of these feedings one at a time. You can replace the feeding with milk in a sippy cup, or just replace them with a snack and extra cuddles. You can read my weaning guide here.


Breastfeeding is a journey of love, patience, and growth – for both you and your baby. It’s okay to seek guidance from professionals and lean on your support system. Remember, every breastfeeding experience is unique. Trust your instincts, enjoy the bonding moments, and cherish this extraordinary chapter of motherhood.